Who Were the Original Settlers of Los Angeles?

Los Angeles was founded by 44 pioneers from Spanish Mexico in 1781. Learn about their diverse racial origins and how they shaped LA's history.

Who Were the Original Settlers of Los Angeles?

Los Angeles, the second largest city in the United States and the largest economic power on the West Coast, was initially colonized by indigenous tribes, including the Chumash and Tongva hunter-gatherers, around 8000 BC. C. The population of Los Angeles was made up of 44 pioneers from Spanish Mexico, known as the “inhabitants”. According to historian Antonio Rios-Bustamate, among the 23 adults and 21 children there were people of Spanish, Mexican, American Indian and African descent.

They were established around the area that we now know as Plaza and Calle Olvera, and the rest is history. In addition to the Los Pobadores plaque, monuments have been erected in honor of each founding family around the perimeter of the square. An hour after the verdict, protests began in downtown Los Angeles and at the Hansen Dam Recreation Center. The story of California's African heritage began in 1781 when the forty-four colonists founded El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles, and more than half of these original settlers Antonio Mesa, Manuel Camero, Luis Quintero, José Moreno, their wives and the wives of José Antonio Navarro and Basilio Rosas had African ancestors, as was typical in the northern provinces of New Spain. It turns out that finding settlers willing to travel to the remote wilds of Alta California to lead a tough agricultural life wasn't easy. In fact, National City bought and dismantled the Los Angeles Railroad, which was already being replaced by personal cars.

Both Biograph and Selig-Polyscope began shooting in Los Angeles in 1910, but it was with the arrival of director Cecil B. In the case of Los Angeles, these streets tilted 45 degrees with respect to the main cardinal points, an urban plan that has been followed in downtown Los Angeles even after all these centuries. The remaining 42 settlers were of diverse racial origins; 26 of them had some African descent and the other 16 were of indigenous descent. Roque Jacinto de Cota served as an escort for the villagers from the San Gabriel Mission to El Pueblo de La Reina de Los Angeles on September 4th 1781. With the map provided on the site, you can follow the path of the original 44 founders from San Gabriel to Los Angeles. Of these 44 original founders of Los Angeles, only two were of Spanish descent (that is, white).

The official founding date of Los Angeles is September 4th 1781 when according to tradition, forty-four inhabitants met at San Gabriel Mission together with two priests from said mission and set out with an escort of four soldiers to a site that Father Juan Crespí had chosen more than a decade earlier. The four soldiers (escorts), accompanied by their families, escorted the Villagers to El Pueblo de Los Angeles. The original group of new townspeople consisted of eleven families; that is 11 men, 11 women and 22 children from various Spanish castes. Each one details members of each family and provides a brief history on their role in developing early town of Los Angeles. It originally spelled Hollywoodland but was built as a temporary advertisement in 1923 for a new upper-middle class neighborhood located in hills of Beachwood Canyon.

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